Just a few people were once thought to be computer programmers with top-notch coding skills and you must know about 10 programming languages. Many IT jobs now necessitate a solid understanding of the top programming languages — yes, more than one. If you want to progress in your career or change careers and master a programming language, you can be confused about which one to learn. After all, learning a language requires time and resources, so you want to make the best decision possible.
Several factors must be considered when making your decision, such as the level of complexity you are able to learn, the experience you already have that aligns with your current coding skills, and your motivation for learning a top programming language. You must learn the appropriate programming language if you want to create a mobile application, obtain certification for programming experience, or learn new skills. You will discover about ten popular programming languages that will govern the digital world in the following article
Top 10 Programming Languages
Java is the programming language most widely involved in developing client-server applications, which are used by large corporations all over the world. Java is intended to be a highly distributed programming language, which means that a Java application can function on any platform that supports Java. As a consequence, Java is known as the programming language that allows you to “write once, run anywhere.” Java is well-known for its cross-platform usability, from mainframe data centers to smartphones. Java is used on the back-ends of many well-known websites, including Google, Amazon, Twitter, and YouTube. If you want to work in a large organization doing production, Java is the best language to learn. Developers with Java coding expertise are in high demand.
Usage/Application: Java mostly used for developing Android apps, web apps, and big data.
Python is possibly the most approachable programming language on this list. Python’s syntax is said to be simple, understandable, and almost English-like, which, like Java, makes it a common choice for beginners.
Python, like Java, has a wide range of applications, making it a flexible and efficient choice when deciding on the best programming language for your needs. If you’re focused on back-end web creation, for example, the open-source Django framework, written in Python, is well-known, simple to learn, and packed with features. Django has been used to create several prominent websites, including Mozilla, Instagram, and Spotify.
Usage/Application: Python is used in a plethora of applications, including artificial intelligence, financial services, and data science. Social media sites such as Pinterest Instagram and are also built on Python.
3. Java Script
Usage/Application: Though the language is best known for introducing responsive elements to web pages, it also has a diverse spectrum of applications in web development, game development, mobile device development, and many other areas. Furthermore, the language is used for both front end and back end development.
is the programming language’s bread and butter. C/C++ is used to write almost all low-level systems such as operating systems, file systems, and so on. If you want to be a system-level programmer, you can learn C/C++. Since it is incredibly fast and reliable, C++ is also commonly used by competitive programmers. STL – Standard Template Library – is another feature of C++. The Standard Template Library (STL) is a set of ready-to-use libraries for multiple data structures, arithmetic operations, and algorithms.
Usage/Application: It is the language of choice for Microsoft ad Windows application creation. It can also be used for handheld devices and video game consoles using Mono, a.NET Framework extension.
One of the core languages favored by Google, Go is the little language that could. As a low-level language, Go, as a low-level language, is perfect for engineers who want to get into machine programming. It has a lot of similar features as C and C++, but without the complicated syntax and steep learning curve. It’s ideal for creating web servers, data pipelines, and even machine-learning kits.
As a compiled language, Go operates “close to the metal,” allowing for a lightning-fast execution time. Since it is an open-source language, innovative developers will see their contributions embraced and appreciated by programmers worldwide. Because of its modern and minimalist structure and its syntax familiarity, it has gained prominence among many large IT companies.
Usage/Application: Console utilities, GUI applications, and web applications.
The R programming language is among the most widely used for data analysis and machine learning. R offers an excellent platform and built-in libraries for creating efficient Machine Learning algorithms. R can also be used for general statistical computation and graphics. Businesses have widely embraced r. Those who want to work on a large organization’s “Analytics” team should certainly study R.
Several large tech firms, including Facebook, Google, and Uber, use the R programming language for their businesses. With the increasingly growing demand for data science and machine learning trends, learning the R programming language is undoubtedly indispensable for your future career.
Usage/Application: R is primarily used in statistical software products.
Swift is an excellent place to begin if you’re concerned about Apple products and mobile app growth. Swift is a reasonably young programming language used to build iOS and macOS applications, first announced by Apple in 2014. Swift is an open-source programming language that is simple to learn and facilitates almost every programming language feature.
Swift has been performance-optimized and designed from the beginning up to meet the complexity of modern iOS production. Not only does iOS run on every iPhone and iPad, but it also serves as the foundation for other operating systems such as watchOS (for Apple Watches) and tvOS (for Apple TVs). Furthermore, as a tech industry pioneer, Apple isn’t disappearing anywhere, and iOS apps strive to be the most competitive in the mobile app competition.
Usage/Application: Swift is used for iOS and macOS applications.
PHP is an open-source programming language that was developed in 1990. Many web developers would find it necessary to learn PHP since it creates more than 80% of websites on the Internet, like Facebook and Yahoo. PHP is recognized as a promising simple language to learn for new developers.
Usage/Application: Programmers use PHP mainly to write server-side scripts. PHP is the code running content-oriented websites such as Facebook, WordPress, and Wikipedia.
In today’s world, when it comes to Android app production, the word ‘Kotlin’ is unquestionably the first to come to mind! Kotlin is a general-purpose programming language created and released by JetBrains in 2011 as Project Kotlin. However, there has been a significant shift in developer preference for Kotlin after Google announced its preferred language for Android application development. In a nutshell, Kotlin is a statically typed general-purpose programming language with object-oriented and logical programming characteristics. Coursera, Pinterest, and PostMates are only a few businesses that use Kotlin as their programming language.
Since it is well recognized that the Android market is not going away anytime soon, you can choose to learn Kotlin in 2021 for some lucrative career future opportunities.
Usage/Application: Kotlin is used extensively for Android apps, web applications, desktop applications, and server-side application development.
Scala is a programming language that blends the best features of Java with a modern twist. As a functional programming language, Scala enables engineers to improve the consistency of their code such that it resembles pure math. Scala supports concurrent programming, which enables invasive processes to be performed in parallel. It is also a highly typed language. Several tech behemoths, including Netflix, LinkedIn, eBay, and Twitter, use Scala for their respective platforms and products.
Scala is highly recommended for beginners due to its ease of learning. Scala will become one of the most desired programming languages in 2021. Many other companies eagerly look forward to integrating it into their operations due to its rapidly increasing demand among developers.
Usage/ Application: The language is being widely used in Web Development, Data Science, and Machine Learning.
Which Programming Language Should You Learn?
One factor to consider when deciding which programming languages to learn is the type of software you want to create. Although there are no hard and fast rules for can language should be used to compose which software, a few trends can help:
- Larger corporations usually design internal software applications in Java and Web applications in PHP.
- R is a programming language that is prominently used in data analytics programs.
- Integrated devices, such as those used in the automotive and healthcare industries, run C++ software.
- Cloud applications are progressively being written in Go or Scala.
- Mobile applications are increasingly written in Swift or Kotlin.
While the world of computer programming is rapidly changing and there are dozens of programming languages, very few are on the roster of languages you should understand. The ten mentioned above, in our opinion, are at the top of the pecking order and have a lot of longevity. If you want to lead a career as a programmer, make a strategic step into another sector, or progress up the corporate ladder, learning one of these languages is a great starting point.